NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Fire-generated smoke rollback through crosscut from return to intake: experimental and CFD study.
Friel-GF; Yuan-L; Edwards-JC; Franks-RA
Proceedings of the 11th U.S./North American Mine Ventilation Symposium, University Park, Pennsylvania, June 5-7, 2006. Mutmansky JM, Ramani RV. eds., London, U.K.: Taylor & Francis Group, 2006 Jun; :483-489
Two mine fire experiments were conducted in the NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory's Safety Research Coal Mine that demonstrated that smoke from diesel-fuel fires of 500- and 660-kW heat-release rates in a return airway can develop, without causing a complete airflow reversal, into a roof layer that can migrate upwind, forming a counterflow to the primary airflow in a crosscut. Subsequently, smoke can penetrate into an intake airway and create a hazardous atmosphere in the intake airway upwind from the fire. Visibility conditions less than 13 m were created by the smoke in the intake airway downwind from the crosscut. Modeling of the event with a three-dimensional, time-dependent, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) program correctly represented the smoke movement.
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Coal-mining; Mine-fires; Air-flow; Hazards; Mine-rescue; Fire-fighting; Miners
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
Proceedings of the 11th U.S./North American Mine Ventilation Symposium, University Park, Pennsylvania, June 5-7, 2006
Page last reviewed: March 13, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division