Measuring diesel particulate matter in underground mines using submicron elemental carbon as a surrogate.
Noll-JD; Mischler-SE; Schnakenberg-GH; Bugarski-AD
Proceedings of the 11th U.S./North American Mine Ventilation Symposium, University Park, Pennsylvania, June 5-7, 2006. Mutmansky JM, Ramani RV. eds., London, U.K.: Taylor & Francis Group, 2006 Jun; :105-110
Elemental carbon (EC) is used as a surrogate for regulating the exposure to diesel particulate matter (DPM) of underground metal/nonmetal miners. EC was chosen as a surrogate because EC is selective to DPM and is a major component of DPM. Using EC as a surrogate also gives one the advantages of no sampling artifacts and being able to sample at all locations in the mine. Currently, EC represents DPM well in underground mines. Some control technologies have been shown to possibly alter the relationship between DPM and EC and characteristics of DPM. Therefore, future work will investigate the relationship between DPM and EC as new control technologies are implemented.
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Diesel-emissions; Miners; Underground-miners; Carcinogens; Occupational-health; Health-hazards; Eye-irritants; Metal-mining; Nonmetal-mining; Sampling; Sampling-methods
NIOSH Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
Research Tools and Approaches: Exposure Assessment Methods
Proceedings of the 11th U.S./North American Mine Ventilation Symposium, University Park, Pennsylvania, June 5-7, 2006