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Effects of Na+ and Cl- channel blockers on guinea-pig (GP) isolated tracheal epithelial cell (EC) shrinkage in response to hyperosmolar challenge.
Ismailoglu UB; Dowdy JA; Jing Y; Van Scott MR; Fedan JS
FASEB J 2006 Mar; 20(5)(Pt 2):A835
In GP trachea that are precontracted with methacholine (MCh; 3H10'^-7 M), hyperosmolar D-mannitol (D-M) induces changes in epithelial Na+ and Clr transport and smooth muscle relaxation mediated by epitheliumderived relaxing factor (EpDRF). We examined the effects of sequentially-added ion channel blockers, MCh and D-M (30 mosM) on EC cell volume (CV) changes in ECs isolated enzymatically (2% protease, 1 h) from GP-trachea and suspended in Krebs-Henselejt solution, under conditions in which these agents are used in the isolated, perfused trachea preparation to examine D-M-induced EpDRF release. CV was measured with a cell sizer. D-M elicited shrinkage of EC (approximately 15 %) under conditions in which lit caused EpDRF-mediated relaxation. The Na+ channel blocker, amiloride (A; 10^-4 M), did not affect EC CV. MCh had no effect on CV (+/- A). Shrinkage stimulated by D-M was unaffected by A. On the other hand, incubation with the clr blocker, DIDS (10^-4 M), resulted in an immediate and prolonged decrease in CV (approximately 9%). Again, MCh had no effect on CV (+/- DIDS). However, in the presence of DIDS the CV decrease in response to D-M was diminished. Thus, the inhibitory effect of A on EpDRF release is not due to an effect on EC shrinkage, whereas the inhibitory effect of DIDS on EpDRF release may be linked to the decrease in, the CV response.
Laboratory-animals; Animals; Animal-studies; Cell-cultures; Cell-biology
Issue of Publication
The FASEB Journal
Page last reviewed: April 9, 2021
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