Occupational bladder cancer mortality among racial and ethnic minorities in 21 states.
Schulz MR; Loomis D
Am J Ind Med 2000 Jul; 38(1):90-98
BACKGROUND: Occupational bladder cancer mortality among minority racial/ethnic groups is not well described compared to occupational bladder cancer mortality among non-minority males in the United States. METHODS: Race/ethnicity- and sex-specific bladder cancer mortality (1985-1992) of workers employed in 21 states was examined using a proportionate mortality study design. Mortality of specific racial/ethnic/occupational groups was compared separately with workers in the specific occupation and with members of the specific racial/ethnic group. RESULTS: This study identified elevated bladder cancer mortality among African American males and females and Latino males in several occupational groups with exposure to suspected bladder carcinogens as well as among Asian males in sales (PMR = 2. 13) and Asian females in the personal services industry (PMR = 5.25; CI: 1.64-16.75). CONCLUSIONS: Surveillance of occupational cancer risks among racial/ethnic minorities using regularly available death certificate data is facilitated when states code both usual occupation/industry and race/ethnicity.
Cancer-rates; Cancer; Mortality-rates; Racial-factors; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Mortality-data; Surveillance-programs; Sex-factors
Dana Loomis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, CB-7400, McGavran-Greenberg Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Chapel Hill, North Carolina