Management systems exist throughout the United States and the world. Examples of such systems are the ISO 9001 and ISO 14001, the international occupational safety and health (OSH) management systems (OSHMS) from ILO, OHSAS 18001, the European Union EEC 1836/93, the British BS 8800, and the Australian Safety Map. Management systems in OSH exist among American organizations, companies, and the government. For example, there are the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Voluntary Protection Program (VPP), the American Chemistry Council (ACC) Responsible Care management system, the AIHA OHSMS, Six Sigma, the API EHSMS, and many individual company OHSMSs. According to ISO Guide 72:2000, "Guidelines for the justification and development of management system standards," a system should be able to establish policy and objectives and to achieve those objectives using: An organizational structure with roles, responsibilities, authorities. Systematic processes and associated resources. Measurement and evaluation methodology to assess performance. A review process to ensure problems are corrected and opportunities recognized and implemented when justified.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Maistop C-32, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA