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Evaluation of a policy to reduce youth tractor crashes on public roads.

Marlenga B; Doty BC; Berg RL; Linneman JG
Inj Prev 2006 Feb; 12(1):46-51
Evaluate the effectiveness of a United States state law, Wisconsin Act 455, in reducing highway tractor crashes involving youth operators. Policy outcome evaluation involving review of a retrospective case series. Youth highway tractor crashes from Wisconsin for the years 1994-2003 that resulted in a fatality, injury, and/or property damage. One hundred and forty six tractor crash cases involving operators younger than 16 years. Describe and model the tractor crash patterns before and after enactment of the law, and examine the relation between the contributing circumstances identified in the crash reports and the content covered in the mandated tractor certification course. There was neither a significant change in the number of youth tractor crashes after the law was passed, nor any reduction in the proportion of crashes where the youth operator was designated at fault. The tractor certification course did not cover the major factors contributing to youth tractor crashes on public roads. No significant effect of the law was detected and crash rates at the end of the study period were similar to those before Wisconsin Act 455. The authors'findings should not be construed to suggest that public policy, in general, is an ineffective strategy for the prevention of pediatric agricultural injuries. Negotiating a balance in public policy debates will be a challenge, but it is clear that future policy initiatives need to identify and implement the right policy for the right problem.
Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-machinery; Tractors; Occupational-accidents; Accidents; Accident-prevention; Children; Occupational-hazards; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Injury-prevention
Dr B Marlenga, National Children's Center for Rural and Agricultural Health and Safety, 1000 North Oak Avenue, Marshfield, WI 54449, USA
Publication Date
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U50-OH-008107; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U54-OH-009568
Issue of Publication
Source Name
Injury Prevention
Performing Organization
Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation
Page last reviewed: April 9, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division