The incidence of green tobacco sickness among Latino farmworkers.
Arcury-TA; Quandt-SA; Preisser-JS; Norton-D
J Occup Environ Med 2001 Jul; 43(7):601-609
We estimated the prevalence and incidence density (ID) and the risk factors of green tobacco sickness among minority farmworkers in North Carolina. Using a prospective surveillance design, 182 farmworkers were interviewed up to 5 times at biweekly intervals in 1999. The green tobacco sickness prevalence was 24.2%, whereas the ID was 1.88 days per 100 days worked. Greater work experience (5+ years, ID = 0.87; first year ID = 2.41) and tobacco use (ID of 1.18 vs 2.39) were negatively associated with green tobacco sickness. Task (e.g., priming ID, 4.04; topping ID, 1.86; barning ID, 0.62) and working in wet clothing (25% of workdays ID, 2.97; fewer than 25% of workdays ID, 1.29) had the largest effect. More effort must be directed toward preventing this occupational illness that affects workers who have little control over workplace safety.
Farmers; Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Occupational-health; Occupational-diseases; Tobacco; Tobacco-industry; Demographic-characteristics; Racial-factors; Worker-health; Work-environment; Safety-measures; Safety-practices; Qualitative-analysis; Surveillance-programs
Thomas A. Arcury, PhD, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1084
Work Environment And Workforce: Special Populations
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, North Carolina