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Exponential modeling, washout curve reconstruction, and estimation of half-life of toluene and its metabolites.
Pierce-C; Chen-Y; Hurtle-W; Morgan-M
J Toxicol Environ Health, A 2004 Jul; 67(14):1131-1158
Health risks from ostensible occupational and environmental toxicant exposure are difficult to quantify. Maximal use of limited biological measurements of xenobiotic or metabolite concentration in the body is therefore essential. Elimination rates of exhaled [2H8]toluene and urinary metabolites were analyzed from 33 exposures of males to 50 ppm [2H8]toluene for 2 h at rest. It was hypothesized that the shapes from our decay curves would be applicable to any occupational or environmental toluene exposure. Except for a rapid decline in toluene blood and breath levels in the 0-0.1 h period, this "curve reconstruction" method successfully fit data from published studies. Urinary hippuric acid concentrations were not well fit due to substantial background levels, whereas o-cresol levels were accurately described. Our approach was able to reconstruct data from studies where exposure duration ranged from 10 min to 7 h, and where activity level ranged from rest to 150 W (strenuous exercise). Using this approach, limited biological data following toluene exposure could be back-extrapolated to immediate postexposure concentrations, which in turn could be compared to biological indicators of exposure to determine risk.
Metabolic-study; Metabolic-rate; Metabolism; Metabolites; Blood-analysis; Urinalysis; Biological-monitoring; Biologic-half-life; Biomarkers; Exposure-assessment; Exposure-levels; Toxic-materials; Chemical-indicators; Chemical-properties; Chemical-synthesis
Crispin H Pierce, PhD, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
1634-04-4; 75-65-0; 8006-61-9; 637-92-3
Issue of Publication
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A: Current Issues
University of Washington, Seattle WA
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division