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A backhoe operator died when his backhoe pinned him against a retaining wall.

Public Health Institute
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 05CA001, 2005 Dec; :1-4
A 38-year-old Hispanic equipment operator died when he was pinned against a retaining wall by the front bucket of his backhoe after he got off it to unload the front bucket with a shovel. The victim had set the backhoe brake, but the brake failed to hold the backhoe in place. The backhoe was on an incline, and the wheels were not chocked to hold the backhoe in place. The victim had a load of rock and gravel in the backhoe bucket that he had elevated before he got off the backhoe. The CA/FACE investigator determined that in order to prevent future occurrences, employers, as part of their Injury and Illness Prevention Program (IIPP), should: 1. Ensure employees lower the loader and backhoe buckets to the ground when parking a backhoe unattended on an incline. 2. Ensure employees block and/or chock the backhoe wheels when parked unattended on an incline. 3. Ensure employees are trained on equipment operation and safety, and their achievement of skills is verified through a testing program.
Region-9; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Work-operations; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-performance; Work-practices; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring; Equipment-operators; Training; Construction-equipment; Construction-industry; Construction-workers
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
FACE-05CA001; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-907284; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008468
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Performing Organization
Public Health Institute
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division