Injury and payment rates for different injury mechanisms among types of construction work.
Glazner-JE; Bondy-J; Lezotte-DC; Guarini-K; Lipscomb-HJ
NOIRS 2003-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2003, October 28-30, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2003 Oct; :49
To calculate injury and payment rates for specific types of injuries suffered by workers doing different types of construction work, we analyzed 3683 reports for injuries occurring during the construction of Denver International Airport (DIA). A database including workers' compensation (WC) claims and payroll for the 32,081 construction workers who built DIA was linked with data from injury reports. Based on a manual review of narrative text describing the incident, each injury was assigned a single "mechanism of injury event" (MOIE), which refers to the initial energy exchange leading to injury (e.g., the "slip/trip" leading to a fall was coded rather than "fall."). Linking these data sources allowed us to analyze rates of mechanisms of injury events for each type of work. For types of work with at least 100,000 hours of payroll, we calculated injury rates per 200,000 hours worked for each MOIE. Analysis of injuries for the type of work with the highest WC payment rate, driving/trucking at $19.60 per $100 payroll, revealed that the payment rate for slips/trips ($6.48) was higher than that for motor vehicle/heavy equipment injuries ($5.98). This suggests that prevention efforts for drivers on construction sites may also have to focus on risks for injuries occurring while drivers are not driving. Workers doing another type of work, glass installation, with the fifth highest overall payment rate, were almost equally likely to experience straining motion and slip/trip MOIEs (9.62 and 8.71 per 200,000 hours, respectively). The payment rates for slips/trips, however, were much higher at $13.95 per $100 than for straining motion ($3.83). This indicates that slips/trips, while less frequent, are more serious injuries for this group of workers. Such information could reorder prevention priorities.
Injuries; Construction-workers; Construction-industry; Construction; Trucking; Construction-equipment; Construction-materials; Injury-prevention; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Workers; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-accidents
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Research Tools and Approaches: Surveillance Research Methods
NOIRS 2003-Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2003, October 28-30, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
University of Colorado, Health Services Center, Denver, Colorado