Worker and worksite factors in DIA construction injury.
Glazner-J; Bondy-J; Lipscomb-H; Lezotte-DC; Guarini-K
NIOSH 2004 Nov; :1-27
Objectives: To develop a method to capture factors contributing to injury from the text of injury reports. To link injury report text with a corresponding workers' compensation administrative database. To analyze the linked data to determine factors contributing to specific types of injury and types of work. To estimate injury and payment rates for each contributing factor. To analyze injury report text for specific injury mechanisms with particularly high rates of occurrence or particularly high payment rates. Importance to occupational safety and health: Detailed information about factors contributing to construction injury is important to support the design of safety programs directed at particular risks. Understanding the factors contributing to construction injury can help employers and workers approach prevention and intervention with knowledge necessary to targeting high risk workers and common mechanisms of injury. Knowing the rates at which each factor is involved in injury can also help the safety community focus on factors with the highest injury and payment rates, thereby attempting to ameliorate the most frequent and severe injuries in this arguably most dangerous industry. Approach: We analyzed text describing injury events in over 4,000 injury reports, entered it in a text database, preserving original text, and linked it with an administrative workers' compensation (WC) database. Using Haddon's matrix as a framework, we classified factors contributing to injury during construction of Denver International Airport. This allowed for the calculation of injury and payment rates for factors contributing to construction injury. Findings: Patterns of contributing factors varied according to injury mechanism and type of work: environmental factors contributed more than any other factor to slip/trip injuries, and building materials contributed to more than 40% of injuries to workers in carpentry, concrete construction, glass installation, and roofing. Rates at which factors contributed to injury also varied among types of work: environmental factors contributed at relatively high rates to injuries in glass installation, metal/steel installation and iron/steel erection 2 stories, and victim factors contributed at high rates to conduit construction and metal/steel installation injuries. WC payment rates for different factors varied widely, ranging from $0.53/$100 payroll to $3.08/$100. Conclusion: This approach allows systematic analysis of classes of injuries, contributing factors, types of work and other variables to assist in setting prevention priorities.
Construction-workers; Construction-industry; Injuries; Accident-analysis; Accidents; Accident-statistics; Accident-rates; Accident-prevention; Injury-prevention
Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO 80262
Final Grant Report
NTIS Accession No.
Research Tools and Approaches: Surveillance Research Methods
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado