Disability management practices in education, hotel/motel, and health care workplaces.
Williams-RM; Westmorland-MG; Shannon-HS; Rasheed-F; Amick-BC
Am J Ind Med 2005 Mar; 47(3):217-226
The high costs and the impact of work disability have become a growing concern for workplaces. As a result, workplace disability management approaches have been developed to lower disability costs, protect the employability of workers, and promote early return to work. A stratified random sample of 455 employers in education (n = 157), hotel/motel (n = 110), and health care (n = 188) sectors who completed a mailed Organizational Policies and Practices (OPP) questionnaire is reported. The OPP questionnaire asked questions about eight workplace disability management practices. The article examined the multi-dimensionality, internal consistency, and discriminant validity of the OPP and compares disability management practices across the three sectors. The OPP questionnaire showed good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.95) and discriminant validity. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) for each of the eight subscales demonstrated that there were statistically significant differences between the sectors in ergonomic practices (F (2,452) = 15.8, P < 0.001), disability case management (F (2,452) = 4.6, P < 0.01), return to work (F (2,452) = 10.3, P < 0.001), and people-oriented culture (F (2,452) = 4.5, P < 0.01). On examining disability management practices in education, hotel/motel, and health care sectors, the OPP seems to be a promising instrument that can be used to assess and monitor how employers are managing disability.
Health-care-facilities; Disabled-workers; Workers; Worker-health; Employee-health; Employees; Questionnaires; Work-environment; Work-practices; Ergonomics; Work-capability; Behavior-patterns; Management-personnel
Renee M. Williams, Associate Professor, School of Rehabilitation Science, McMaster University, 1400 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 1C7
Work Environment and Workforce: Organization of Work
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
University of Texas, School of Public Health, Houston Health Science Center, Houston, Texas