Genetic testing in the workplace: ethical, legal, and social implications.
Annu Rev Public Health 2004 Apr; 25:139-153
With the completion of the Human Genome Project, it is likely that genetic testing for susceptibility to a wide range of diseases will increase in society. One venue for such increased testing is likely to be the workplace as employers attempt to protect workers from unhealthy gene-environment interactions, improve productivity, and control escalating health care costs. Past and recent examples of genetic testing in the workplace raise serious concerns that such testing could pose a significant threat to workers' privacy, autonomy, and dignity. Thus, defining the ethically, legally, and socially appropriate and inappropriate uses of genetic testing in the workplace presents a major challenge for occupational health professionals in the years ahead.
Risk-analysis; Epidemiology; Mathematical-models; Exposure-limits; Cancer-rates; Mutagens; Mutagenesis; Cancer; Biomarkers; Immune-reaction; Tumors; Risk-factors; Carcinogens; Carcinogenesis; Carcinogenicity;
Author Keywords: genetics; disease susceptibility; occupational health; ethics; law
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032
Work Environment and Workforce: Special Populations
Annual Review of Public Health
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA