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Airway responses to the inhalation of cotton dust and cotton bract extracts.
Schachter-EN; Zuskin-E; Buck-M; Witek-TJ; Godbold-J; Roy-N; Castranova-V; Whitmer-M; Siegel-PD; Bluhm-EC
Respiration 2006 Feb; 73(1):41-47
Exposure to dust in the cotton industry is associated with respiratory dysfunction. Healthy subjects challenged with cotton bract extract (CBE) develop transient airway hyperresponsiveness. CBE, a major component of cotton dust, is potentially an important agent for studying byssinosis. To compare airway responses to cotton dust extract (CDE) and CBE in healthy subjects. In 21 healthy, non-smoking subjects we compared the effects of CBE and CDE in a double-blind random order, following a 10-min aerosol inhalation. The response to methacholine (MCh) 2 h following CBE or CDE was measured. Lung function was recorded using maximal (MEFV) and partial expiratory flow volume (PEFV) curves, measuring MEF at 60% of baseline vital capacity below total lung capacity [MEF(40%)(P)] on the PEFV curve. Responders were subjects who developed a 20% or greater fall in MEF(40%)(P) following extract challenge. Endotoxin levels were low for CBE (5.71 EU/mg) and CDE (31.88 EU/mg). There were 18 responders to CBE and 17 responders to CDE.The average maximal falls in MEF(40%)(P) were 70 +/- 4.9 and 70 +/- 4.4% of baseline (nonsignificant) following CBE and CDE, respectively. All subjects enhanced their MCh response following CBE or CDE. The MCh dose which reduced MEF(40%)(P) by 40% was identical for CBE and CDE (1.3 mug/ml). We conclude that CBE and CDE exert similar physiologic effects.
Dusts; Dust-particles; Cotton-dust; Cotton-industry; Occupational-exposure; Respiratory-system-disorders; Byssinosis; Aerosols; Aerosol-particles; Inhalation-studies; Lung-function; Physiological-effects; Author Keywords: Airway hyperresponsiveness; Byssinosis; Cotton bract; Cotton dust
E. Neil Schachter, MD, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Box 1232, One Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY 10029-6574, USA
Issue of Publication
Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division