Fatal work-related injuries in the agriculture production sector among youth in the United States, 1992-2002.
Proceedings of the National Institute for Farm Safety (NIFS) Annual Conference, June 26-30, 2005, Wintergreen, Virginia. Technical Paper No. 05-07, Columbus, OH: National Institute for Farm Safety, 2005 Jun; :1-12
Youth working on farms face unique risks which are not present for many other young workers, including machinery, large animals, electrical hazards, chemical hazards and excessive noise. Furthermore, because there are no legal age restrictions on the type of work that farm resident youth are permitted to do on their own farms, resident farm youth typically operate equipment or conduct activities which would be prohibited for non-resident youth of the same age. The objective of this descriptive research was to identify, prioritize and publicize the risks to children and youth who work on farms in order to provide public health and safety professionals relevant information upon which to base decisions for interventions or other prevention activities for this priority population. This research has direct applications for farm parents and safety and health professionals who work with the priority population of young agricultural workers. The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI), developed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), was the data base used for this analysis. The Occupational Injury and Illness Classification Structure (OIICS) was used to code nature of injury, body part injured, the event leading to the injury, and the source of the injury. Industry was coded according to the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) System. There were 310 work-related deaths to youth <20 years of age in agriculture production (SIC 0100-0299) from 1992-2002. This compares to 1,958 fatalities for all workers <20 years of age for the same time period. Agriculture production had a fatality rate 3.6 times higher than young workers in all industries and 2.9 times higher than all workers in all industries. The youngest workers in agriculture production for which rates could be calculated, 15 year olds, had the highest fatality rate at 18.5/100,000. Crop production accounted for almost 2/3 of the fatalities and had higher fatality rates for young workers than livestock production. Particular emphasis should be placed on providing these young workers with a safe workplace, including but not limited to: assessment of appropriate developmental readiness for the work, adequate training and supervision for the job, appropriate safety equipment and finally, consideration of the fact that the youngest of workers should not be exposed to or put at risk in life threatening jobs.
Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Agriculture; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-workers; Children; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-exposure; Agricultural-machinery; Farmers; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Age-factors; Injury-prevention; Safety-education; Safety-measures; Mortality-rates; Mortality-data; Surveillance
Proceedings of the National Institute for Farm Safety (NIFS) Annual Conference, June 26-30, 2005, Wintergreen, Virginia