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Parked forklift crushes operator against semi-trailer.

Oregon Department of Human Services
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 04OR004, 2005 Sep; :1-5
On February 10, 2004, a 42-year-old forklift operator was crushed between the forklift he had been operating and a semi-trailer he was helping to load. Assisting the truck driver to tie down the load, the operator backed the forklift to the opposite side of the trailer, put the automatic transmission into neutral, engaged the parking brake, and jumped out to take the strap thrown across the load by the truck driver. The forklift's engine was left running. While the operator was facing the trailer and busy with the strap, the forklift engaged in reverse and backed into him, crushing him against the trailer with enough force to make the trailer shudder. The truck driver looked under the trailer and saw the victim's legs dangling in the air. He ran to engage the gearshift on the forklift into forward to release the victim. Efforts to revive the victim were unsuccessful, and he was pronounced dead at the scene. Recommendations: 1. Before exiting any powered industrial truck, even briefly, completely shut down power, place controls in neutral and apply parking brake. 2. Employers should provide ongoing evaluation and feedback for operators of mobile machinery to ensure that operator proficiency and safe work practices are maintained. 3. Maintain the machine in safe operating condition. 4. Employees should be encouraged to report concerns related to the safe operation and maintenance of mobile machinery.
Region-10; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Work-operations; Work-analysis; Work-practices; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Equipment-operators
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
FACE-04OR004; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-021204; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008324; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-OH-008472
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Performing Organization
Oregon Department of Human Services
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division