Updated U.S. Public Health Service guidelines for the management of occupational exposures to HIV and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis.
Panlilio-AL; Cardo-DM; Grohskopf-LA; Heneine-W; Ross-CS
MMWR Recomm Rep 2005 Sep; 54(RR-9):1-24
This report updates U.S. Public Health Service recommendations for the management of health-care personnel (HCP) who have occupational exposure to blood and other body fluids that might contain human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Although the principles of exposure management remain unchanged, recommended HIV postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) regimens have been changed. This report emphasizes adherence to HIV PEP when it is indicated for an exposure, expert consultation in management of exposures, follow-up of exposed workers to improve adherence to PEP, and monitoring for adverse events, including seroconversion. To ensure timely postexposure management and administration of HIV PEP, clinicians should consider occupational exposures as urgent medical concerns.
Humans; Immune-system-disorders; Infection-control; Infectious-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Prophylaxis; Serological-techniques; Bloodborne-pathogens; Body-fluids; Health-care-personnel; Viral-infections; Drug-therapy; AIDS; AIDS-virus; Sexually-transmitted-diseases; Viral-diseases; Health-care; Health-care-facilities; Emergency-care; Paramedical-services; Disease-prevention; Aids-prevention; Occupational-exposure; Health-care-workers; Infection-prevention; Risk-analysis
National Center for Infectious Diseases, CDC, 1600 Clifton Rd., NE, MS E-68, Atlanta, GA 30333
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: Recommendations and Report