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Data supporting ASTM method D 7049-04, for determination of metalworking fluids.

Glaser R; Kurimo R; Neumeister C; Shulman S
J Test Eval 2005 Sep; 33(5):323-330
Data are presented to support a modified ASTM sampling and analytical method-D 7049-04 for metal working fluids (MWFs). The modified method replaces ASTM method PS42-97, a gravimetric procedure that employs a ternary blend of methanol, dichloromethane, and toluene to separate the MWF from cosampled particulate. The revised method is also a gravimetric procedure that employs the ternary blend as well as a binary blend of methanol and water to remove MWF from insoluble particulate collected on polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) filters. The method has been evaluated at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) by spiking known aliquots of five MWFs-one straight, one soluble, one semisynthetic, and two synthetic-onto PTFE filters, and extracting them after 24 h of storage with the ternary and binary blends. Samples were spiked at the following levels: straight: 230-940 ug; soluble: 260-1130 ug; semisynthetic: 64-260 ug; synthetic I: 110-480 ug; and synthetic II: 90-372 ug. Limits of quantitation, computed from blanks carried through the analysis, were determined to be 73 ug and 80 ug, respectively, for the total-weight and extracted-weight procedures. On average, fractions extracted (weight recovered/weight spiked) for all fluids for all levels tested exceeded 0.94. Pooled estimates of the coefficients of variation of analysis over all samples tested were 0.043 for the total weight samples and 0.046 for the extracted weights. The extraction efficiencies for all five fluids were also tested by analysis of the binary blend extracts for characteristic marker elements in each fluid. Only for the lone ternary blend insoluble fluid were definitive marker element results obtained, with between 60 % (potassium) and 100 % (phosphorus) of two marker elements extracted. The extractability of tobacco smoke particulate and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from the PTFE filters is also addressed.
Metalworking; Metalworking-fluids; Metalworking-industry; Analytical-methods; Metals; Sampling; Sampling-methods; Gravimetric-analysis; Polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons; Tobacco-smoke; Author Keywords: Metalworking fluids; analytical method; ASTM Method D 7049-04; spiking study; limits of detection and quantitation; metals analysis
Publication Date
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
Issue of Publication
NIOSH Division
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Exposure Assessment Methods
Source Name
Journal of Testing and Evaluation
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division