Hearing disorders from combined exposures to noise and solvents: a review.
Abstracts of the 137th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America and the 2nd Convention of European Acoustics Association, Berlin, Germany, March 15-19, 1999. Woodbury, NY: Acoustical Society of America, 1999 Mar; :1
Not until recently was solvent exposure found to have a significantly adverse effect on hearing. In some cases the risk can be comparable to the most potent and best-known occupational factor, excessive noise. In animals, combined exposure to solvents and noise can result in an increased loss of auditory function beyond the simple addition of the effects of each agent. An increased prevalence of hearing loss has been reported in humans as well. The balance function can also be affected by certain industrial chemicals. The importance of these observations becomes clear when the magnitude of exposed populations and the number of potentially hazardous chemicals found in work environments are taken into account. The need for research in this area is further heightened by the fact that there are no guidelines or standards for combined exposures to chemical and physical agents. The present paper reviews the effects of combined exposures to solvents and noise on hearing function and examines study designs, hearing assessment alternatives, and strategies for the analysis of these effects.
Hearing-disorders; Hearing-protection; Hearing-loss; Solvents; Noise-protection; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Noise-exposure; Laboratory-animals; Animal-studies; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Synergism
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Abstracts of the 137th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America and the 2nd Convention of European Acoustics Association, Berlin, Germany, March 15-19, 1999