Mortality patterns among construction site electrical workers.
Robinson-CF; Petersen-M; Palu-S
Implementation of Safety and Health on Construction Sites - Proceedings of the Second International Conference of CIB Working Comission '99, Honolulu, Hawaii, March 24-27, 1999. Rotterdam, Netherlands: A. A. Balkema Publishers, 1999 Feb; :1-9
This study evaluated the mortality of 31,068 U.S. members of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers who primarily worked in the construction industry and died 1982-} 987. Comparison to the U.S. population showed significantly elevated proportionate mortality for the diseases caused by asbestos: lung cancer (PMR=117), asbestosis (PMR=247), and malignant mesothelioma (PMR=356) and from fatal injuries, particularly electrocutions (PMR=1180). The findings of excess deaths for prostate cancer (PMR=107), musculoskeletal disease (PMR=130), suicide (PMR=113), and disorders of the blood-forming organs (PMR=141) were unexpected. Elevated mortality for leukemia (PMR=1 15) and brain tumors (PMR=136) is not inconsistent with previous reports of electricians with occupational exposure to electric and magnetic fields. Excess deaths due to melanoma skin cancer (PMR=123) are consistent with other findings of PCB-exposed workers. Results suggest that more detailed investigations of occupational risk factors are needed to prevent excess mortality for this occupation.
Construction; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Exposure-assessment; Statistical-analysis; Ergonomics; Electrical-hazards; Electrical-industry; Electrical-workers; Electricity; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Magnetic-fields; Electrical-fields; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Mortality-surveys; Morbidity-rates; Cancer; Cancer-rates; Lung-cancer; Lung-disorders; Lung-irritants; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system; Mesothelial-cells; Skin-cancer; Skin-exposure; Skin-disorders; Prostate-cancer; Asbestos-dust; Asbestosis; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Age-factors
Singh-A; Hinze-J; Coble-RJ
Implementation of Safety and Health on Construction Sites - Proceedings of the Second International Conference of CIB Working Comission '99, Honolulu, Hawaii, March 24-27, 1999