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Farmer dies after being pinned between the bucket and frame of a skid steer loader.

Wisconsin Department of Health & Family Services
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 97WI112, 1998 Sep; :1-5
On December 18, 1997, a 70-year-old male dairy farmer (the victim) died after being pinned between the bucket and frame of a skid steer loader (the loader). The victim and his son worked together throughout the morning of the incident, doing routine farm chores. At 11:15, the victim finished cleaning the barn with the loader. He drove the loader behind a machine shed in the farmyard to remove a part from an old manure spreader, using the loader bucket to lift an edge of the spreader. Apparently, the victim lowered the safety bars, exited the loader with the bucket in the raised position, then stood in front of the loader frame to operate the bucket control handle. The bucket came down and pinned the victim against the frame of the loader (See figures). After the victim's son had completed the morning barn chores, he waited about 15 minutes for his father to return to the barn with the loader. He then went outside and followed the sound of the loader idling behind the shed. He saw the victim pinned by the bucket, and climbed into the cab to raise the bucket. The son ran to the house and yelled to his mother to call 911. He ran back to the incident scene, and positioned the victim on the ground. His mother arrived at the scene, followed by sheriff's deputy and emergency responders within two minutes. The responders initiated CPR and continued until the ambulance arrived a few minutes later. The victim was transported to the hospital, where he was pronounced dead. The FACE investigator concluded that, to prevent similar occurrences, farmers and other skid steer loader operators should: 1. Remain seated in the operator's compartment while operating the loader. 2. Operate the loader with the seat belt fastened and restraint bar in place. 3. Seek and use the services of organizations and agencies that provide technical assistance and/or adaptive equipment to agricultural workers with disabling conditions. Additionally, farm safety resources should use agricultural news media programs, publications, and community gatherings as opportunities to distribute information about working safely with skid steer loaders.
Region-5; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Work-operations; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-performance; Work-practices; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring; Protective-measures; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-processes; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Farmers; Equipment-operators; Equipment-reliability; Safety-belts; Age-factors
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
FACE-97WI112; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-507081
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Performing Organization
Wisconsin Department of Health & Family Services
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division