NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Farmer dies of fall from hay wagon in Wisconsin.

Wisconsin Department of Health & Family Services
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 95WI063, 1996 Feb; :1-3
A 77-year-old white male farmer (the victim) died as the result of a fall from a hay wagon. Although he had discontinued dairy farming about two months before the incident, he continued to help his family with other farm chores. His mobility was limited by joint pain and stiffness, but he did not use assistive devices to walk. On the day of the incident, the victim and his adult grandson were picking up rectangular hay bales from the field. The grandson drove a tractor, pulling a bale loader in front of a hay wagon, while the victim stood on the empty wagon. The portable bale loader picked bales from the field and raised them on a conveyor to the wagon, which was not equipped with siderails. The farmer was positioned near the front of the wagon, prepared to receive and stack bales as they were discharged from the top of the bale loader. Although the event was unwitnessed, it appears the victim lost his balance and fell from the wagon, striking the back of his neck on the bale loader as he fell. The grandson saw the victim on the ground, began CPR, then called for help. The victim was taken to the hospital where he was admitted and died two days later of complications of fractured cervical vertebrae. The Wisconsin FACE investigator concluded that, to prevent similar occurrences, farmers should: 1. Consider the physical capacities of individual farm workers and assign light or limited duty jobs when necessary due to a worker's injury or illness. 2. Include safety management as an integral part of their business operation.
Region-5; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Work-operations; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-performance; Work-practices; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring; Protective-measures; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-processes; Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Farmers; Equipment-operators; Equipment-reliability; Tractors; Age-factors
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
FACE-95WI063; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-507081
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Performing Organization
Wisconsin Department of Health & Family Services
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division