Lim-SY; Sauter-SL; Swanson-NG
Encyclopedia of Occupational Health and Safety, 4th Edition. JM Stellman ed., Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Organization, 1998 Jan; :34.61-34.62
There is growing evidence in the occupational health literature that psychosocial work factors may influence the development of musculoskeletal problems, including both low back and upper extremity disorders (Bongers et al. 1993). Psychosocial work factors are defined as aspects of the work environment (such as work roles, work pressure, relationships at work) that can contribute to the experience of stress in individuals (Lim and Carayon 1994; ILO 1986). This paper provides a synopsis of the evidence and underlying mechanisms linking psychosocial work factors and musculoskeletal problems with the emphasis on studies of upper extremity disorders among office workers. Directions for future research are also discussed.
Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Back-injuries; Injuries; Workers; Work-environment; Employee-health; Stress; Psychological-stress; Psychophysiological-testing; Behavior-patterns
Encyclopedia of Occupational Health and Safety