NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Locus of control.
Murphy LR; Hurrell JJ Jr.
Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety: the body, health care, management and policy, tools and approaches, fourth edition. JM Stellman ed. Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office, 1998 Nov; 1:34.45-34.46
Locus of control (LOC) refers to a personality trait reflecting the generalized belief that either events in life are controlled by one's own actions (an internal LOC) or by outside influences (an external LOC). Those with an internal LOC believe that they can exert control over life events and circumstances, including the associated reinforcements, that is, those outcomes which are perceived to reward one's behaviors and attitudes. In contrast, those with an external LOC believe they have little control over life events and circumstances, and attribute reinforcements to powerful others or to luck.
Attitude; Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Sociological-factors; Sociology; Personality-traits; Mental-health; Physical-stress; Emotional-stress
Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety: the body, health care, management and policy, tools and approaches, fourth edition
Page last reviewed: November 6, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division