Murphy-LR; Hurrell-JJ Jr.
Encyclopedia of Occupational Health and Safety, 4th Edition. JM Stellman ed., Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Organization, 1998 Jan; :34.45-34.46
Locus of control (LOC) refers to a personality trait reflecting the generalized belief that either events in life are controlled by one's own actions (an internal LOC) or by outside influences (an external LOC). Those with an internal LOC believe that they can exert control over life events and circumstances, including the associated reinforcements, that is, those outcomes which are perceived to reward one's behaviors and attitudes. In contrast, those with an external LOC believe they have little control over life events and circumstances, and attribute reinforcements to powerful others or to luck.
Attitude; Behavior; Behavior-patterns; Sociological-factors; Sociology; Personality-traits; Mental-health; Physical-stress; Emotional-stress
Book or book chapter
Encyclopedia of Occupational Health and Safety