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6-Year-old youth dies when he was run over by a skid-steer loader driven by his 9-year-old brother.
Michigan State University
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 04MI176, 2005 Aug; :1-7
On October 21, 2004, a 6-year-old male youth was killed while working with family members feeding cattle. The victim and his brother and sister were responsible for feeding the cows. Normally, this chore was done earlier in the evening; on this day, it was done in the later evening when it was dark outside. The victim's 9-year-old brother was operating a John Deere skid-steer loader, Model 6675 carrying silage to the cows. The victim and his sister ran ahead and opened the gate to the pen to allow their brother to unload the silage. Both the victim and his sister ran down a 2-track path from the barn to the pen; the victim's brother used the same path to get to the pen. One side of the path was kept mowed; the other side of the path was left unmowed and was overgrown. External lighting did not light the path or pen area. The victim and his sister watched the gate so that the cows did not escape. The victim's brother unloaded the silage, and leveled the dirt while he exited the pen and the gate. After exiting the gate, the victim's brother turned the skid-steer around and proceeded to drive up the path towards the house. His brother would normally carry the victim and his sister back to the house in the skid-steer bucket. As his sister was closing the gate, the victim ran after his brother because he didn't stop and wait for him and his sister. The victim's brother stopped the skid-steer and began to back up and turn around when he felt a bump. He felt a second bump and looked to see what the bump was. It appears that when the skid-steer stopped and began to turn, the rear of the loader knocked the victim down and the skid-steer tires ran over him. The lights on the front of the skid-steer illuminated the ground and he saw his brother lying there. The victim's brother stopped the skid-steer and checked on his brother. Seeing his condition, he and his sister ran to the house for help. Emergency response was called and the victim was declared dead at the scene. Recommendations: 1. Restrict the operation of skid-steer loaders (and other heavy equipment) to persons older than 16 years of age who are instructed in the safe operation and appropriate use of the equipment. 2. Develop a Farm Health and Safety plan for family members, guests and employees. 3. Identify farm work suitable for children to perform. 4. Instruct workers, family members and other persons they should never approach operating equipment until they make eye contact with the operator and the operator discontinues operation. 5. Ensure farm equipment is maintained according to manufacturer instructions. 6. Do not allow any passengers to ride on equipment unless designed by equipment manufacturer to allow riders. 7. Lower the bucket to the lowest position possible during transport trips and extended forward travel.
Region-5; Accident-analysis; Accident-potential; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-practices; Safety-measures; Traumatic-injuries; Work-practices; Work-analysis; Work-performance; Farmers; Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-workers; Children; Agricultural-industry
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Michigan State University