To live and die in Los Angeles: the California fatality assessment and control evaluation (FACE) program: 1992-2002.
Styles-L; Cierpich-H; Rogge-J; Higgins-D; Harrison-R
2005 National Injury Prevention and Control Conference, May 9-11, 2005, Denver, Colorado. Atlanta, GA: Centers and Disease Control and Prevention, 2005 May; :117
The California Department of Health Services, in collaboration with NIOSH, has established the California FACE Program for the surveillance and investigation of workplace fatalities in Los Angeles County. The objective of FACE is to prevent and reduce the severity of workplace injuries by identifying high-risk work situations, developing prevention strategies, and informing those who can intervene in the workplace. The FACE program uses multiple sources of notification for the identification of fatal occupational traumatic injuries. FACE investigations target fatalities involving machinery, street/highway construction work zones, youth (under 18), and Hispanic workers. Recommendations for prevention are included in every investigation and disseminated to employers and workers nationwide. There has been a significant downward trend in both occupational fatality and homicide rates in Los Angeles County for the period 1992-2002, but this has not been the case for other causes of death (transportation, machine-related, and falls). The fatality rate for Hispanic workers was approximately 50% greater than it was for non-Hispanic workers (39 vs. 26 per 100,000 workers). Thirty-seven percent of all fatalities were homicide, followed by transportation (18%) and falls (12%). Among homicides, 45% were robberies, and 88% involved a firearm. Homicide was the leading cause of death for both male (36%) and female (51%) workers, and accounted for 87% of supervisors of sales occupations, 80% of security guard and 91% of cashier fatalities. Homicides have been the leading cause of occupational fatalities for each year 1992-2002. Although overall fatality and homicide rates have decreased, deaths from other causes have not. Hispanic workers are at increased risk of dying on the job. The FACE program identifies risk factors in investigated cases. At the conclusion of this session, the participant will be able to: Identify industries and occupations at highest risk for workplace fatalities; Describe the leading causes of death for these workers; List recommendations to prevent future occupational fatalities.
Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Surveillance-programs; Workers; Worker-health; Work-environment; Injury-prevention; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Safety-measures; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Employees; Employee-health; Demographic-characteristics; Racial-factors
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
2005 National Injury Prevention and Control Conference, May 9-11, 2005, Denver, Colorado