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Psychosocial and organizational factors.
Sauter SL; Murphy LR; Hurrell JJ; Levi L; Karasek R; Caplan RD; Orth-Gomer K; Frankenhaeuser M; Monk TH; Stokols D; Smith MJ; Ganster D; Salvendy G; Schleifer LM; Jex SM; Piotrkowski CS; Barling J; Ivanoevich JM; Vinokur AD; Tolsma D; Cooper CL; Smith M; Tetrick LE; Rousseau DM; Shell RL; Gowing MK; Nelson DL; Campbell Quick J; Lindstrom K; Jenkins CD; Ouellette SC; Schaubroeck JM; Burke RJ; Corneil DW; Barnett RC; Puryear Keita G; Steptoe A; Pollard TM; Shirom A; War P; Ursin H; Theorell T; Johnson JV; Suls J; Fox BH; Lim SY; Swanson NG; Muntamer C; Eaton WW; Maslach C; Cartwright S
Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety, fourth edition. JM Stellman ed., Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Organization, 1998 Jan; 1:34.1-34.71
The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of current knowledge on conditions which lead to stress at work and associated health and safety problems. These conditions, which are commonly referred to as psychosocial factors, include aspects of the job and work environment such as organizational climate or culture, work roles, interpersonal relationships at work, and the design and content of tasks (e.g., variety, meaning, scope, repetitiveness, etc.). The concept of psychosocial factors extends also to the extra-organizational environment (e.g.. domestic demands) and aspects of the individual (e.g., personality and attitudes) which may influence the development of stress at work. Frequently, the expressions work organization or organizational factors are used interchangeably with psychosocial factors in reference to working conditions which may lead to stress.
Job-stress; Mental-stress; Mental-fatigue; Models; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Psychological-stress; Psychological-fatigue; Physiological-stress; Physiological-fatigue; Workers; Worker-health; Ergonomics; Workplace-monitoring; Job-analysis; Behavior-patterns; Behavior; Cardiovascular-disease; Cancer; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Mental-illness
Stellman JM; Sauter SL; Murphy LR; Hurrell JJ; Levi L
Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety, fourth edition
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division