Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety: the body, health care, management and policy, tools and approaches, fourth edition. JM Stellman ed. Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office, 1998 Nov; 1:34.2-34.3
In 1966, long before job stress and psychosocial factors became household expressions, a special reprot entitled "Protecting the Health of Eighty Million Workers - A National Goal for Occupational Health" was issued to the Surgeon General of the United States (US Department of Health and Human Services 1966). The report was prepared under the auspices of the National Advisory Environmental Health Committee to provide direction to Federal programmes in occupational health. Among its many observations, the report noted that psychological stress was increasingly apparent in the workpalce, presenting "... new and subtle threats to mental health," and possible risk of somatic disorders such as cardiovascular disease. Technological change and the increasing psychological demands of the workplace were listed as contributing factors. The report concluded with a list of two dozen "urgent problems" requiring priority attention, including occupational mental health and contributing workplace factors.
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