Access to health information and support. A public highway or a private road?
Eng-TR; Maxfield-A; Patrick-K; Deering-MJ; Ratzan-SC; Gustafson-DH
JAMA J Am Med Assoc 1998 Oct; 280(15):1371-1375
Information and communication technologies may help reduce health disparities through their potential for promoting health, preventing disease, and supporting clinical care for all. Unfortunately, those who have preventable health problems and lack health insurance coverage are the least likely to have access to such technologies. Barriers to access include cost, geographic location, illiteracy, disability, and factors related to the capacity of people to use these technologies appropriately and effectively. A goal of universal access to health information and support is proposed to augment existing initiatives to improve the health of individuals and the public. Both public- and private-sector stakeholders, particularly government agencies and private corporations, will need to collaboratively reduce the gap between the health information "haves" and "have-nots." This will include supporting health information technology access in homes and public places, developing applications for the growing diversity of users, funding research on access-related issues, ensuring the quality of health information and support, enhancing literacy in health and technology, training health information intermediaries, and integrating the concept of universal access to health information and support into health planning processes.
Information-systems; Diseases; Disease-prevention; Health-care; Health-programs; Health-services; Training
Thomas R. Eng, VMD, MPH, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, US Department of Health and Human Services, 200 Independence Ave SW, Room 738G, Washington, DC 20201
Journal of the American Medical Association