American Occupational Health Conference 2001, April 20-27, 2001, San Francisco, California. Atlanta, GA: American Association of Occupational Health Nurses, Inc. 2001 Apr; :21-22
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics identified 403 work-related deaths of young workers under age 18 from 1992 through 1997. Highway crashes, tractor rollovers, homicides, falls from elevation, being struck by objects, and electrocutions were identified as leading causes of death. Research was conduced using the Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) model. FACE is a research program supported by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) for the identification, investigation, and prevention of targeted fatal occupational injuries. Through selected on-site fatality investigations, agent, host and environmental data from the pre-event, even, and post-even phases of the fatal incident are collected. Between 1986 and June 2000, the NIOSH FACE program investigated and completed investigative reports on 38 fatalities that involved workers under 18 years of age. Recommended injury prevention strategies included, but were not limited to, compliance with child labor laws, equipment modifications, appropriate use of personal protective equipment, employee training, and development and enforcement of comprehensive safety programs. The FACE model allows researchers to gain knowledge regarding the circumstances surrounding the death of young workers and to formulate and disseminate prevention strategies to those who can intervene in the workplace or influence youth employment decisions.