Promoting safety and health in vocational, industrial, and technical education programs: guidelines and curricula.
NOIRS 1997 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 1997. Washington, DC: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1997 Oct; :63-64
Accident statistics indicate that in any given year, approximately half of occupational injuries are sustained by employees with less than one year of job experience. NIOSH estimates that in the USA 200,000 adolescents suffer work-related injuries each year, out of them, 64,000 require treatment in hospital emergency rooms, and 70 die of work-related injuries. More than half of the injured adolescents reported that they had not received any training in how to prevent the injury they sustained. Adolescents have a high risk for work-related injury compared with adults. There are more than 11 million students that attend vocational/ technical schools in the USA, and the majority of them are employed after school hours. The purpose of this NIOSH-EID project is to increase the safety awareness and safety education of the vocational school teachers and administrators so that information can be passed on to the students during vocational training and prior to entering the work environment; to produce informed students capable of recognizing, controlling, and remediating vocational safety and health hazards, applying safe work practices, and consequently becoming safer future workers. The methods of this project are accomplished via partners who: 1) develop, and evaluate safety and health curriculum materials and student learning activities, including intervention and prevention programs for injury and illness in vocational schools; 2) collaborate with vocational associations and agencies to develop, endorse, promote, and support national safety and health curricula and guidelines for all vocational schools. 33 general safety and health modules relating to vocational shops are under various stages of development and evaluation. Additional modules will be developed in the next two years. The finalized products are compiled into an instructors' training resource manual. They are also electronically being installed and featured in the Internet in the NIOSH Home Page. Video training materials and interactive CD-ROMs are planned to be produced. Working with partners in safety and health education, the products are being disseminated and evaluated. Implementation of safety and health curricula and guidelines will be monitored through the departments of education in every US state and territory. Much work is needed to develop and evaluate the 50+ remaining curricula. The effectiveness of the program will be evaluated via multiple surveys. Close monitoring of injury statistics of adolescent workers over the period of next 10+ years will also indicate the efficacy of the program.
Safety-education; Education; Job-analysis; Injuries; Employees; Employee-health; Occupational-accidents; Occupational-health; Traumatic-injuries; Mortality-rates; Mortality-data; Emergency-care; Health-care; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Demographic-characteristics; Age-factors; Age-groups; Safety-practices; Training; Workers; Worker-health; Work-environment; Work-practices; Safety-measures