NOIRS 1997 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 1997. Washington, DC: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1997 Oct; :59
Washington's Late Night Retail Worker Crime Protection regulation, which became effective in February of 1990 and is enforced by the state OSHA program, was intended to prevent injuries by deterring violent crimes in retail establishments. We investigated whether the regulation was associated with businesses' violence prevention activities. 1,516 employers at high risk of robbery, including gas stations, groceries, convenience stores, hotels, restaurants, and taverns, were surveyed in 1995 to determine whether they had violence prevention training programs for their employees (a requirement for businesses covered by the standard). Overall, awareness of the regulation was low (4.4%). Employers covered by the regulation were more likely to have training programs (OR=1.4), as were those aware of a regulation (OR=3.4). State OSHA plan contact (in the form of a compliance inspection or consultation visit) was also associated with having a training program (OR=1.9). There was some suggestion that chain businesses were more likely to have programs (more specifically, those chains that had experienced a robbery). Despite low awareness of the standard, results suggested that regulatory efforts to protect high-risk employees were associated with employers' robbery and crime prevention activities.