Risk factors for robbery and employee injury in convenience stores.
Hendricks-S; Landsittel-D; Amandus-H; Malcan-J
NOIRS 1997 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 1997. Washington, DC: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1997 Oct; :58-59
Homicide is the second leading cause of workplace fatalities. Additionally, the annual number of workplace assaults have been estimated to be one million or more. The majority of these workplace assaults and homicides are robbery related. Convenience stores have been shown to be especially vulnerable to robbery and employee injury. The results of two studies examining the risk factors associated with robbery and employee injury in convenience stores are reported here. The first study consisted of collecting information from police reports of convenience stores in the metropolitan areas of seven states. The purpose of these data was to examine risk factors (use of a weapon by the robber; number of customers in the store at the time of a robbery; gender of a lone employee; the number of employees on duty; the amount of money stolen; time of day of the robbery; the stores past experience with robberies) which are associated with the risk of an injury given a robbery occurs. Results from this study as well as the limitations of using police reports are discussed. The second effort was a casecontrol study of convenience store robbery in the three largest metropolitan areas in the Commonwealth of Virginia where a case store was a store with a robbery reported to the police and a control store was a store within a 2-mile radius of the case store which was open at the time of the robbery. The purpose of these data was to examine the association of store environmental designs (use of a cash limit and drop safe; location of the cash register; escape routes and hiding places; lighting inside and outside the store; view into the store from outside, within the store, and out from the store; use of security cameras, videos, and security mirrors; presence and location of gas pumps and pay phones), geographical factors (proximity to major highways and traffic routes and amount of traffic; surrounding criminal activity; surrounding land use; socio-demographic characteristics of the surrounding community), and store operational characteristics (number of employees on duty; training of employees in robbery prevention; weapons available to the employees) to the risk of a store being robbed. Results from these data are presented. Difficulties and limitations of assessing factors associated with the overall risk of injury to employees from these two separate components are discussed.
Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Occupational-hazards; Employees; Traumatic-injuries; Injuries; Workers; Workplace-studies; Case-studies
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
NOIRS 1997 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium