NOIRS 1997 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 1997. Washington, DC: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1997 Oct; :57
Wisconsin is home for 5.1 million residents and 2.5 million workers. Important industrial sectors include service, manufacturing and retail trade; as America's Dairyland, agriculture also plays a vital role in the economy. From October 1, 1991 through February 28, 1997, the Wisconsin FACE program tracked 629 occupational fatalities through its surveillance system. During this period, the Wisconsin workforce averaged 118 fatalities per year, or nearly one fatality every three days. Information on cases was obtained from a network of multiple reporting sources: death certificate (100%); workers compensation (47%); newspaper (42%) coroner's reports (21%); police (18%); and OSHA (11%). Detection and notification steadily improved over time. For 1992 deaths, fewer than 18% of cases were reported in less than a week after the event. In contrast, by 1994 over 43% of deaths were detected by the surveillance program within a week of the event. The majority of cases were male (92%), and white (95%). Over 15% of all cases were aged 65 and older, while 6 cases were less than 15 years old. As in the 1980's, farmers and agriculture accounted for a large number (29%) of the cases. Transport / drivers represented 16.6%, construction workers 8.5%, professionals 8%, and laborers 7%. The distribution of fatality causes was similar to the 1980's: approximately 24% of the fatalities were caused by motor vehicle crashes, and another 24% were due to machines. Here, agricultural machines (ICD9 E-Code 919.0) represented the majority of machine types. Struck by falling objects accounted for another 9.9%, while falls represented 8.2% of cases. Incidence rates for the time period were constructed by occupation, industry, gender, and age. These were compared to findings from the 1980's (NIOSH - A Decade of Surveillance), and will be summarized at the conference.
Surveillance-programs; Traumatic-injuries; Injuries; Mortality-rates; Mortality-data; Occupational-hazards; Demographic-characteristics; Racial-factors; Sex-factors; Age-factors; Motor-vehicles; Transportation-industry; Transportation-workers; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-workers; Construction-industry; Construction-workers; Construction-equipment; Professional-workers