Trends in occupational fatal injury rates in the United States (1983-1992).
Bailer-AJ; Stayner-LT; Reed-LD; Stout-NA; Gilbert-SJ
NOIRS 1997 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 1997. Washington, DC: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1997 Oct; :40
Data from the U.S. National Traumatic Occupational Fatality (NTOF) database were combined with data on employment from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The combined NTOFBLS data were used in a Poisson regression in which the rates of occupational fatality were modeled as functions of year (1983- 1992), race (black, white, other), gender, age, industry and occupation. A decline in race-gender-age adjusted fatal injury rates is observed across a majority of industries (9 of 10 industries) and occupations (9 of 11 occupations). Annual changes over 10 industries ranged from a significant decline of 5.3% per year in "public administration" to significant increases in "wholesale trade." Annual changes over 11 different occupations ranged from a significant decline of 6.2% per year in "technological and related support" to a significant increase of 1.6% per year in "machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors." In general, race-gender-age adjustments resulted in estimated changes that were smaller and beyond demographic characteristics of the worker population. While this finding is encouraging, the increase of fatal injury rates in particular industries and occupations suggests that efforts to improve workplace safety should continue.
Traumatic-injuries; Injuries; Models; Demographic-characteristics; Age-factors; Racial-factors; Sex-factors; Workers; Workplace-monitoring; Workplace-studies; Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
NOIRS 1997 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium