NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Farmer dies after being pinned by bucket of skid loader.
Minnesota Department of Health
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 04MN002, 2004 Jul; :1-3
A 29-year-old male farmer (victim) died after being pinned by the bucket of a skid loader that he used for various tasks associated with his herd of dairy cows. After completing the morning milking he apparently used the skid loader for one or more tasks associated with the dairy operation. At some point, he drove the skid loader into an outside area adjacent to the dairy barn. Near the front of the skid loader, a steel fence post was found on the ground. He may have stopped the loader with the bucket in the raised position near the steel post. It appeared that he began to exit the skid loader to pick up the steel post. When he began to exit the unit, a control lever that controls raising and lowering of the loader got caught in his coveralls. As he moved forward, the control lever was pulled forward and the loader lowered and struck the victim. It continued to lower resulting in the victim being pinned between the front frame of the unit and the loader bucket. Later that day, the victim's brother arrived at home from school. After he changed clothes he went to the barn to help his brother with evening chores. He could not find his brother in the barn and then noticed that the loader was not parked in its usual parking area. He searched the areas outside the barn and discovered the victim and the loader. He ran to the house and told his dad what had happened. The victim's father rushed to the scene and also placed a call to emergency personnel who arrived at the scene a short time later. Rescue personnel removed the victim from the loader and pronounced him dead at the scene. MN FACE investigators concluded that, in order to reduce the likelihood of similar occurrences, the following guidelines should be followed: 1. skid loader operators should enter or exit the operator's seat only when the bucket or other attachment is in the fully lowered position, or when available lift arm supports are in place, and; 2. machine engines should be stopped before workers leaving the operator's seat.
Region-5; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Work-operations; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-performance; Work-practices; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring; Protective-measures; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-machinery; Agriculture; Equipment-operators; Equipment-reliability; Farmers; Tractors; Clothing
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Minnesota Department of Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division