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National estimates of occupational injury from the National Health Interview Survey.
NOIRS 1997 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 1997. Washington, DC: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1997 Oct; :33
The 1988 National Health Interview Survey Occupational Health Supplement is part of a continuing effort by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health to improve surveillance of occupational injury and disease. Data from this survey were used to generate national estimates of work-related injury incidence among civilian workers. Eye injuries were a particular focus of the analysis since, in general, such injuries may easily be prevented in the work place at relatively low cost. The overall incidence of occupational injury was 8.6 episodes per 100 workers or 7.2 injured persons per 100 workers. Incidence of injury episode varied by occupation and industry of employment, with injuries occurring most frequently among operator/fabricator/laborer occupations and those employed in the construction industry. Incidence also varied according to body part injured and nature of the injury, with back injury episodes and fractures/dislocations/sprains, respectively, the most common. Risk of injury declined with age for both sexes and was higher for males in every age category. Eye injuries occurred most frequently among those employed in the construction industry and in production/craft/repair occupations. Risk of eye injury was lower than risk of injury to the extremities or back within every occupation and injury category. In addition, those with eye injuries reported fewer days of missed work than did workers with trunk, extremity, or back injuries. Nevertheless, the estimated number of work-related eye injury episodes during the study period (625,745) was substantial, representing 5.9 percent of the estimated total. These results are generally consistent with findings of other injury surveillance systems, and provide further guidance for future intervention efforts.
Injuries; Occupational-diseases; Workers; Surveillance-programs; Eye-injuries; Injury-prevention; Back-injuries; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Demographic-characteristics; Age-factors; Sex-factors; Construction-industry; Construction-workers
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
NOIRS 1997 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium