The Tokyo declaration on work-related stress and health in three postindustrial settings - the European union, Japan, and the United States.
Andersson SI; Fujigaki J; Aresini G; Haratani T; Griffiths J; Hiro H; Hovelius B; Kato M; Kalimo R; Katsumura T; Kornitzer M; Kawakami N; Levi L; Kishi R; Theorell T; Kobayashi F; Kogi K; Nagata S; Sauter L; Nakamura K; Schnall P; Shima S; Tetrick LE; Shimomitsu T; Tanigawa T; Watanabe W; Yokoyama K; Keita G
Conference at the Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan, October 31-November 1, 1998. Tokyo, Japan: Tokyo Medical University, 1998 Nov; :1-6
The "triangular" Conference on "Work-Related Stress and Health in Three Postindustrial Settings - the European Union, Japan and the United States" was held in Tokyo on 31 October - 1 November 1998, sponsored by Tokyo Medical University and co-sponsored by the World Health Organization, International Labor Office, the European Commission, Japan Ministry of Labor, Japan Ministry of Health and Welfare, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, the United .States National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Karolinska Institute, Japan National Institute of Industrial Health, Japan Industrial Safety and Health Association, Tokyo Citizens' Council for Health Promotion, The Japanese Association of Stress Science, Japan Society for Occupational Mental Health, and the Section of Occupational Psychiatry of the World Psychiatric Association. Its 28 international scientists from all three settings and relevant disciplines described and discussed: 1. present conditions of work, stress and occupational health, 2. foreseeable trends, 3. needs for action, and 4. needs for research, education, and information. Discussions focused on the similarities and differences in all these respects between the three postindustrial settings. Agreement was reached concerning a number of conclusions and recommendations, including options for continued information exchange and concerted actions. The conference participants are fully aware of the enormous environmental and health burden carried by workers in countries at earlier phases of industrial development. We envisage that their corresponding problems and solutions need to be given consideration. This declaration is based on the philosophy of "Investment for Health." According to a common dictionary the verb "invest" is defined as "a commitment (of money or capital, technology, human resources, etc.) in order to gain a return, to spend or devote for future advantage or benefit." Consequently, an investment for health refers to a commitment of resources in order to gain a health and social return. Seen in such a way, the investment does not constitute a burden, rather an opportunity for increasing returns.
Conference at the Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan, October 31-November 1, 1998