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Farmer dies after large round hay bale falls on him.

Minnesota Department of Health
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 94MN014, 1994 May; :1-4
A 38-year-old male hay farmer (victim), died from injuries sustained when a large round hay bale being loaded on a flatbed trailer fell on him. The victim used a tractor and loader to load hay bales onto the trailer. The tractor was not equipped with a cab or an enclosed rollover protective structure. The loader bucket was modified to lift hay bales by the attachment of two removable tines which cradled the bale as it was lifted. It was not equipped with a large round bale clamp or bale fork specifically designed to securely lift the bale. He was loading the second layer of bales which required raising the bucket nearly to its maximum height above the tractor. The unsecured raised bale tumbled down the loader beams when he apparently tilted the bucket back. The bale struck him and resulted in his head hitting part of the tractor. He died 30 days later from severe injuries to the right side of his head. MN FACE investigators concluded that, in order to reduce the likelihood of similar occurrences, the following guidelines should be followed: 1. operators should use attachments on loaders which are specifically designed for the task being performed; and 2. operators should use tractors with an enclosed rollover protective structure to prevent material from directly striking the operator if it falls.
Region-5; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Work-operations; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-performance; Work-practices; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring; Protective-measures; Protective-equipment; Farmers; Tractors; Equipment-design; Equipment-operators; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-workers
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
FACE-94MN014; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-507283
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Performing Organization
Minnesota Department of Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division