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Farmer suffers fatal crushing injuries when caught between a loader's hydraulic cylinder and its body frame.

Minnesota Department of Health
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 93MN066, 1994 Mar; :1-4
A 26-year-old male hog farmer (victim) died from injuries he suffered when caught between the frame of a small skid steer loader and the hydraulic cylinder which raised and lowered its bucket. The loader's protective cage had been removed so that it could be used in hog buildings on the property having low ceilings. The victim was using the loader to pile manure in a corner of a large hog containment building; he was alone at the time of the incident. According to family members having knowledge of the task and the victim's work practices, the loader probably stalled facing the manure pile with its bucket in an elevated position. Because of his location and inability to move the loader back, the victim attempted to exit the loader from its left (driver's) side and, as he was getting out, inadvertently hit the left hand control which operated the loader's hydraulic cylinders. He was caught between the loader's left cylinder and body frame as the bucket lowered. He was discovered dead on the scene by other family members about two hours after having last been seen. MN FACE investigators concluded that, in order to minimize the occurrence of similar incidents, the following guidelines should be followed: 1. do not alter or remove protective structures and other safety devices from machinery; 2. protect operators of machinery from the hazards of scissor points on machinery through the use of appropriate guards; and 3. follow manufacturer's recommended procedures for boarding and exiting machines.
Region-5; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Work-operations; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-performance; Work-practices; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring; Protective-measures; Farmers; Equipment-design; Equipment-operators; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-workers
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
FACE-93MN066; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-507283
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Performing Organization
Minnesota Department of Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division