Mortality analysis of African-American and white waitresses.
American Public Health Association 123rd Annual Meeting and Exhibition, San Diego, CA, October 29 - November 2, 1995. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 1995 Oct; :416
A mortality study of 20,217 deaths occurring among women employed as waitresses in 27 states is described. Race-cause-specific proportional mortality ratios (PMRs) were computed, using the corresponding 27-state mortality as the comparison. White female waitresses had excess mortality due to HIV, cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus, larynx, trachea, bronchus, and lung, and bladder. Mortality was also elevated among white female waitresses for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, and homicide. A similar pattern was seen for black female waitresses with elevated mortality for cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus, larynx and lung. Black females also had excess mortality due to malignant neoplasms of female genital organs, while HIV mortality was not elevated. Mortality for COPD, liver disease, and homicide were also elevated among black females. This study suggests public health intervention on behalf of waiters and waitresses to prevent or control occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and to educate about health risks from smoking and consumption of alcohol.
Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Mortality-surveys; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-health; Occupational-respiratory-disease; Larynx-cancer; Demographic-characteristics; Racial-factors; Bronchial-cancer; Smoking; Tobacco-smoke; Food-services; Cancer; Cancer-rates; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Liver-disorders
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
American Public Health Association 123rd Annual Meeting and Exhibition, San Diego, CA, October 29 - November 2, 1995