Mortality analysis of African-American and white waitresses.
Walker JT; Burnett CA
American Public Health Association 123rd Annual Meeting and Exhibition, San Diego, CA, October 29 - November 2, 1995. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 1995 Oct; :416
A mortality study of 20,217 deaths occurring among women employed as waitresses in 27 states is described. Race-cause-specific proportional mortality ratios (PMRs) were computed, using the corresponding 27-state mortality as the comparison. White female waitresses had excess mortality due to HIV, cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus, larynx, trachea, bronchus, and lung, and bladder. Mortality was also elevated among white female waitresses for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic liver disease and cirrhosis, and homicide. A similar pattern was seen for black female waitresses with elevated mortality for cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus, larynx and lung. Black females also had excess mortality due to malignant neoplasms of female genital organs, while HIV mortality was not elevated. Mortality for COPD, liver disease, and homicide were also elevated among black females. This study suggests public health intervention on behalf of waiters and waitresses to prevent or control occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and to educate about health risks from smoking and consumption of alcohol.
We take your privacy seriously. You can review and change the way we collect information below.
These cookies allow us to count visits and traffic sources so we can measure and improve the performance of our site. They help us to know which pages are the most and least popular and see how visitors move around the site. All information these cookies collect is aggregated and therefore anonymous. If you do not allow these cookies we will not know when you have visited our site, and will not be able to monitor its performance.
Cookies used to make website functionality more relevant to you. These cookies perform functions like remembering presentation options or choices and, in some cases, delivery of web content that based on self-identified area of interests.
Cookies used to track the effectiveness of CDC public health campaigns through clickthrough data.
Cookies used to enable you to share pages and content that you find interesting on CDC.gov through third party social networking and other websites. These cookies may also be used for advertising purposes by these third parties.