Latex allergy: past and present.
Mead-BJ; Weissman-DN; Beezhold-DH
Int Immunopharmacol 2002 Feb; 2(2-3):225-238
Although latex products have been in use for over a century, allergic responses to latex proteins have only been recognized as a serious health problem for the past 15 years. Latex allergy particularly effects two groups, health care workers (HCW) and children with spina bifida (SB). This manuscript provides a brief history of latex allergy, and a review of the following: the manufacturing process for dipped latex products, the 11 latex allergens that have been characterized and received allergen designations by the Internation Union of Immunological Societies, the methods used in exposure assessment, the epidemiology and clinical management of latex allergy, and the use of animal models in investigating mechanisms underlying latex allergy.
Health-care-personnel; Health-care-facilities; Health-care; Allergens; Allergic-disorders; Allergic-reactions; Allergies; Allergic-dermatitis; Statistical-analysis; Antigens; Epidemiology; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis
Pathology and Physiology Research Branch, Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA