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National and international reviews of crystalline silica.
Med Lav 2002 Oct; 93(Suppl):S62-S63
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) in the United States conducted a review of the health effects of occupational exposure to respirable crystalline silica. The World Health Organization's International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) conducted a review of the most common form of crystalline silica (i.e., quartz) based on published or forthcoming reviews by NIOSH, the United States Environment Protection Agency (US EPA), and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Both NIOSH and WHO utilized internal and external peer review processes to produce balanced documents on the health effects of crystalline silica. Epidemiologic studies provided support for the conclusion by both agencies that exposure to quartz-containing dust can present significant health risks for workers in the form of silicosis, lung cancer, pulmonary tuberculosis, airway diseases, autoimmune-related diseases, and renal diseases. Publication of summary documents based on extensive reviews such as those conducted by NIOSH and WHO are an integral part of informing workers and the international health and safety community of risks inherent in exposure to specific occupational hazards.
Silicates; Silicosis; Silica-dusts; Pulmonary-disorders; Pulmonary-function; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Lung-disease; Lung-disorders; Lung-irritants; Epidemiology; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-system-disorders; Health-hazards; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-respiratory-disease; Exposure-limits; Lung-cancer; Epidemiology
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
La Medicina del Lavoro. 3rd International Symposium on Silica, Silicosis, Cancer and Other Diseases, S. Margherita Ligure, 21-25 October 2002
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division