NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Warehouseman dies when crushed by forklift in California.
Public Health Institute
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 96CA016, 1997 Jun; :1-4
A 21-year old male warehouseman (victim) died after being crushed between a forklift and the edge of the floor of a railroad boxcar. The victim was attempting to attach a chain to the boxcar door to pull it closed with the forklift. He was standing on the ground between the loading dock and the boxcar. The victim had parked the forklift on or very near the boxcar loading dock without setting the parking brake. As the victim was in the process of attaching the chain, the forklift rolled backward across the dock and fell partially over it with the rear of the forklift pinning the victim against the side of the boxcar. The wheels of the forklift had not been chocked nor had the forks been fully lowered. The victim was not trained nor certified to operate a forklift. The CA/FACE investigator concluded that, in order to prevent future occurrences, employers should: 1. Ensure that forklift operators, when dismounting, always set the parking brake, lower the forks/mast, and neutralize the controls when the forklift is attended (i.e. running forklift within 25 feet and in view of the operator). 2. Closely supervise new employees until properly trained and evaluated for all job tasks. 3. Disallow the practice of operators standing between a forklift pointing in a direction it normally travels and fixed objects when the forklift is on an incline. Additionally, manufacturers should: 4. Design and build all forklifts so that the parking brake is automatically set when the operator gets out of the seat.
Region-9; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Work-operations; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-performance; Work-practices; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring; Protective-measures; Protective-equipment; Training; Equipment-design; Equipment-operators; Warehousing
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Public Health Institute
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division