Proceedings of the NIOSH Symposium on Efforts to Prevent Injury and Disease Among Agricultural Workers, August 25-27, 1993, Lexington, Kentucky. Washington, DC: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1994 Jul; :34-37
The purpose of our activity was to pilot test the application of a video monitoring technique for the assessment of exposure to noise in an agricultural work place. There has been a great deal of research of noise in an industrial setting, but looking at tasks and the assignment of specific noise values is a rather new approach in agriculture. There have been several reports of noise as a hazard in agriculture. Gregg, in 1972, did a review of active patients of an otolaryngologist and found that approximately 6 percent of those patients were being seen and treated for noise induced hearing loss. Sullivan, in 1981, did an analysis of several studies and suggested that between 6 percent and 18 percent of agricultural worksers, at sometime during their working lifetime, suffered a handicapping noise induced hearing loss. Plakke, in 1990, did a prevalence study of farmers and their spouses, and the spouses were those who were indirectly eposed to noise, that they observed operations, or were near the operations but did not directly participate, in that they did not operate the machinery. Plakke found that, as expected, the farmers had a noise induced hearing loss, which was greater in comparison to a control group of spouses of individuals who were not farmers. Broste, in 1989, observed that children frequently are in and around noise agricultural settings as well as in participating in situations which reduce noise. Broste suggested that the noise inudced hearing loss, which we are seeing in adults, may have some foundation or be initiated in these early childhood exposures.
Occupational-safety-programs; Occupational-health; Health-protection; Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Agricultural-processes; Worker-health; Statistical-analysis; Farmers; Health-hazards; Safety-research; Safety-programs; Safety-practices; Monitoring-systems; Recording-systems; Sound; Sound-analyzers; Hearing-loss; Hearing-protection; Hearing-impairment; Hearing-disorders; Hearing; Hearing-threshold; Noise-induced-hearing-loss; Noise-levels; Noise-measurement; Noise; Noise-waves; Noise-protection; Audiofrequency; Audiological-testing