NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Forklift driver dies from injuries sustained after being crushed by a forklift California.

Public Health Institute
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 94CA011, 1994 Nov; :1-3
A 37-year-old, white, non-Hispanic male forklift driver (the victim) died after being crushed by a forklift when he and a co-worker attempted to raise the forklift to remove some shrink wrap which had become entangled on the stub axle. The two workers used a second forklift to raise the front end of the first forklift in order to remove the shrink wrap. The shrink wrap had prevented the forklift from moving. The victim slid under the raised portion of the lifted forklift to remove the shrink wrap when the tilted forklift fell crushing the victim's face, neck, and chest. He was taken to a local hospital where he was pronounced dead. The CA/FACE investigator concluded that in order to prevent similar future occurrences, employers should: 1. ensure that equipment is used for its design purpose and within the limits of its design capabilities 2. not allow employees to pass, stand, or work under elevated portions of industrial equipment (forklifts) unless they are effectively blocked. 3. have a standard operating procedure for removing objects caught under forklifts and provide employees with training and specific guidelines for the safe removal of these items. In addition, product designers and manufacturers should: 4. consider redesigning the axle/wheel access so that material is less likely to become entangled and/or is easier to remove.
Region-9; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Traumatic-injuries; Work-operations; Work-analysis; Work-areas; Work-performance; Work-practices; Safety-education; Safety-equipment; Safety-measures; Safety-monitoring; Drivers; Equipment-operators; Equipment-reliability; Training
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
FACE-94CA011; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-907284
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Performing Organization
Public Health Institute
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division