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Injuries and occupational diseases in agriculture in Finland; cost, length of disability, and preventive effect of a no-claims bonus.

Rautiainen R; Zwerling C; Sprince N; Donham K; Burmeister L; Ohsfeldt R; Phillips K; Reynolds S; Saarimaki P; Siitonen T; Eskola E
The Nordic Meeting on Agricultural Occupational Health and Safety, August 25-26, 2002, Kuopio, Finland, 2002 Aug; :1
To describe costs and lost time from injuries and occupational diseases, and to measure the effect of a no-claims bonus. Linear regression, logistic regression, ANOVA, and ARIMA procedures using Finnish MAT A-insurance data. During 1996, there were 10092 injuries (7.37/100 workers) and 830 occupational diseases (0.61/100 workers). The total cost was 23.5 Million (0.7% of gross, 2.2% of net, and 2.5% of insured farm income). The mean cost was 1340 for injuries and 6636 for occupational diseases. The total lost time was 1431 person years (1.04% of total person years). The mean lost time was 185 days for occupational diseases and 37 days for injuries; and 62 days for women and 42 days for men. Severe claims occurred while working with large animals, commuting, transporting, harvesting, grain handling, construction, and forest work; and they were caused by organic dust, saws, sawmills, wood splitters, wood chippers, slippery terrain, scaffoldings, stairs, ladders, power take-offs, roofs, large animals, and vehicles. The no-claims bonus reduced injury claims by about 10%. High risk work activities and causes were identified, and they should be targeted by prevention. The bonus system reduced claims, which may be due to under-reporting and a preventive effect.
Occupational-diseases; Injuries; Agriculture; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Demographic-characteristics; Sex-factors; Injury-prevention; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Animals; Agricultural-machinery; Organic-dusts; Sawmill-workers; Agricultural-machinery; Agricultural-chemicals; Farmers; Tractors; Power-tools; Traumatic-injuries; Ergonomics; Organic-dusts; Forestry; Forestry-workers; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis
Publication Date
Document Type
Abstract; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Funding Amount
Funding Type
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Identifying No.
Source Name
The Nordic Meeting on Agricultural Occupational Health and Safety
Performing Organization
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division