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Preventing occupational disease and injury, second edition. Levy BS, Wagner GR, Rest KM, Weeks JL, eds. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 2005 Jan; :298-301
Allergic reactions to natural rubber latex (NRL) range from rhinitis and conjunctivitis, to contact urticaria (hives), to asthma, to generalized urticaria, and rarely, to anaphylactic shock. Latex allergy results from direct skin (or mucous membrane) contact, as well as from inhalation of particles containing NRL allergens. Continued exposure of sensitized individuals to NRL increases the probability of triggering symptoms. Latex hypersensitivity is generally documented using skin prick or serologic tests for latex-specific IgE antibodies. Latex allergy is recognized clinically when exposure-related symptoms occur in an individual with latex hypersensitivity. However, not all symptomatic individuals demonstrate hypersensitivity, using currently available test reagents.
Allergies; Allergic-reactions; Urticaria; Skin-exposure; Bronchial-asthma; Allergens; Hypersensitivity; Allergic-reactions; Allergic-dermatitis; Surveillance
Levy-BS; Wagner-GR; Rest-KM; Weeks-JL
Preventing occupational disease and injury, second edition
Page last reviewed: March 11, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division