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Two utility workers, were working in a trench next to a road, when a valve blew off a 10" water main and rapidly filled the excavation before they could be rescued.

Maryland Division of Labor and Industry
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 97MD049, 1997 Dec; :1-5
On Tuesday, July 22, 1997, at approximately 10:30 a.m., a valve that they had replaced, blew off a 10" diameter water main. Water, under pressure of about 100 p.s.i., quickly filled a trench approximately 4'-6" deep by 6'-0" long and 6'-0" wide. The valve struck a 43-year-old, male, Utility Worker #1 (victim 1), injuring him severely and caused him to be lost in the swirling water. As the 28-year-old, male, Crew Chief (victim 2) was attempting to rescue Utility Worker #1, the ground on which he was standing was undermined by the water and collapsed. He fell into the excavation and was pulled under the muddy water. The utility company Backhoe Operator, who was trying to help those in the excavation, stopped an ambulance returning to its station. Ambulance personnel immediately called for assistance and within fifteen minutes several rescue units were at the scene. The Backhoe Operator also called in an emergency to the company dispatcher. He and Utility Worker #2 went on to shut the valves and stop the rapid flow of water from the 10" main into the excavation. The body of the Crew Chief (victim # 2), was recovered after the water was pumped out of the excavation (20 - 30 minutes) by the fire department and the utility company. Utility Worker #1 (victim #1) was removed approximately four hours later, since his body was buried in the mud and had become entangled in ground roots and a gas line. Both were pronounced dead at the scene. The MD/FACE Field Investigator concluded that to prevent similar future occurrences, employers should: 1. Ensure that all employees working on high pressure water mains understand and recognize the hazards associated with hazardous hydraulic energy and the methods of avoidance. 2. Require that water mains be isolated and de-energized before working on the system. And, 3. Require the use of a trench box, shoring or properly sloped sides when working in an excavation.
Accident-analysis; Accident-potential; Accidents; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Water-industry; Region-3; Traumatic-injuries; Construction-workers; Construction-industry; Utility-workers
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
FACE-97MD049; Cooperative-Agreement-Number-U60-CCU-309872
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Performing Organization
Maryland Division of Labor and Industry
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division