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Changing patterns of pneumoconiosis mortality - United States, 1968 - 2000.
Attfield-MD; Wood-JM; Antao-VC; Pinheiro-GA
JAMA J Am Med Assoc 2004 Aug; 292(7):795-796
Pneumoconioses are caused by the inhalation and deposition of mineral dusts in the lungs, resulting in pulmonary fibrosis and other parenchymal changes. Many persons with early pneumoconiosis are asymptomatic, but advanced disease often is accompanied by disability and premature death. Known pneumoconioses include coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), silicosis, asbestosis, mixed dust pneumoconiosis, graphitosis, and talcosis. No effective treatment for these diseases is available (1). This report describes the temporal patterns of pneumoconiosis mortality during 1968--2000, which indicates an overall decrease in pneumoconiosis mortality. However, asbestosis increased steadily and is now the most frequently recorded pneumoconiosis on death certificates. Increased awareness of this trend is needed among health-care providers, employers, workers, and public health agencies.
Respiratory-system-disorders; Pneumoconiosis; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Asbestos-workers; Asbestosis; Mineral-dusts; Lung-disease; Epidemiology; Statistical-analysis
Issue of Publication
Journal of the American Medical Association
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division